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Abydos Table

The wall in the Temple of Seti I, also called Osireion, carved with relief. It shows the Pharaoh Seti I and his son Ramesses who make an offering to their 76 predecessors. 76 cartouches of Egyptian rulers make a valuable source for scholars interested in genealogy and royal titulary.


Names of pharaohs are presented in two rows of cartouches and undoubtedly not all the names are included. A chronicler presented in the upper register:

  • 8 cartouches kings of Ist Dynasty: Menes (Narmer), Teti (Aha), Iti (Djer), Itiu (Djet), Sepati (Den), Merbapen (Adjib), Semsu (Semerkhet), Kebeh (Ka'a)
  • 6 cartouches kings of IInd Dynasty: Bedjau (Hotepsekhemui), Kakau (Nebre), Bannetjer (Ninetjer), Wadjnes (Weneg), Senedi (Senedj), Djadjai (Khasekhemui)
  • 5 cartouches kings of IIIrd Dynasty: Nebka (Sanakht), Djeser-Sa (Djoser), Teti (Sekhemkhet), Hudjefa, Neferkare (Khaba)
  • 6 cartouches kings of IVth Dynasty: Snefru, Khufu, Djedefre, Khafre, Menkaure, Shepseskaf
  • 8 cartouches kings of Vth Dynasty: Weserkaf, Sahure, Kakai (Neferirkare I), Neferefre, Niuserre, Menkauhor, Djedkare, Unis
  • 5 cartouches kings of VIth Dynasty: Teti, Weserkare, Merire (Pepi I), Merenre (Nemtiemsaf I), Neferkare (Pepi II)

In the lower register:

  • 1 cartouche king of VIth Dynasty: Djefaemsaf (Nemtiemsaf II)
  • 17 cartouches kings of VIIth and VIIIth Dynasties: Netjerikare, Menkare, Neferkare, Neferkare Nebi, Djedkare Szemai, Neferkare Khendu, Merienhor, Sneferka (Neferkamin), Nikare, Neferkare Tereru, Neferkahor, Neferkare Papisenebu, Neferkamin Anu, Kakaure (Kakare Ibi), Neferkaure, Neferkauhor, Neferirkare
  • 2 cartouches kings of XIth Dynasty: Nebhepetre (Mentuhotep II), Sankhkare (Mentuhotep III)
  • 7 cartouches kings of XIIth Dynasty: Sehetepibre (Amenemhat I), Kheperkare (Senweseret I), Nebkaure (Amenemhat II), Khakheperre (Senweseret II), Khakaure (Senweseret III), Nimaatre (Amenemhat III), Maakherure (Amenemhat IV)
  • 9 cartouches kings of XVIIIth Dynasty: Nebpehtire (Ahmose), Djeserkare (Amenhotep I), Aakheperkare (Totmes I), Aakheperenre (Totmes II), Menkheperre (Tuthmosis III), Menkheperure (Tuthmosis IV), Nebmaatre (Amenhotep III), Djeserkheperure (Horemheb)
  • 2 cartouches kings of XIXth Dynasty: Menpehtire (Ramesses I), Menmaatre (Seti I)

Naturally, an arrangement of Egyptian rulers into Dynasties was performed a long time thereafter by Manetho.

Second Abydos Table

It is dated to the reign of Ramesses II. It was discovered in the Temple of Abydos, and nowadays is stored in the British Museum in London. This tablet represents cartouches of Egyptian kings - Ramesses’ predecessors. These cartouches are ordered in two rows as follows:

  • ...ka..., Menkare, Neferkare, Neferkare Nebi, Djedkare Maat, Neferkare Khendu, Merenhor, Sneferkare, Nikare, Neferkare Tereru, ...y,
  • Nebkaure, Khakheperre, Khakaure, Nimaatre, Maakherure, Nebpehtire,, Aakheperkare, Aakheperenre, Menkheperre, Aakheperure, Menkheperure, Nebmaatre, Djoserkheperure, Menpehtire, Menmaatre, Usermaatre, Meriamon Ramesu

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