Divine Wives of Amun
or Divine Adoratrice of Amun
goes back to times of Dynasty XVIII and was assumed by women holding high
offices at royal court. They might have been royal mothers, wives or daughters.
It seems that the title was hereditary and used to be passed from mother to
daughter. For instance the
Divine Wife of
Amun was queen
Hatshepsut, and then her daughter Neferure. In this and
many other instances it was just title of honour. First Queen to be given
the title was Ahmes-Nefertari, consort of Ahmose. However, in Late Period it
might have been be used by Egyptian and Kushite rulers for political purposes.
Those rulers used to appoint to this office their daughters or sister and thus
secured their influences in Tebaida. Shapenewpet I started famous line of
Divine Adoratrises of Amun
in Thebes. Their power on this territory equaled the royal power. The very
used to write their own names in royal cartouches and assume throne names
at the moment of taking office. Sometimes, like Nitokris I, they adopted even
Horus name. To view the transcription of
kings titulary properly, please
download and install transliteration font.
of Osorkon III and queen Karaotet. At the moment of
taking an office of Divine Adoratrise
she assumed titleThe
Lady of the Two Lands, Embodiment of the will of Amun, Shapenupet Meritmut.
After Piankhi, the Kushite ruler, had entered
Thebes Shapenewpet was forced to adopt his sister Amenardis. Thus
Amenardis became the last to co-rule with Shapenewpet and her heir to Theban
and Pabatma's daughter, sister of Piankhi and
Shabaka. By order of Kushite king, Piankhi, she
was adopted by Shapenewpet
I gained a title of Divine Adoratrise of Amun at Thebes. The name
of Amenardis occurs on relics found in Montu Temple at Karnak, graffitos
at Wadi Hammamat and Wadi Gasus. There are preserved numerous statues and
figures representing Amenardisare. Her mortuary chapel is located in the
temple complex at Medinet Habu
710 - 650
dwAt-nTr Sp-(n)-wpt ,
of Piankhi and Peksater, sister of
Taharka and Shabataka.
Since 670 BC she shared title of
Divine Adorer of Amun with Amenardis II and since 656 BC with Nitocris I. She assumed the title
The Master of Beauty, Mut, Eye of Re. Together
with Taharka she ran building works at Thebes and Medamud. Her funerary
chapel is located in the temple complex at Medinet Habu. She wrote her
name in cartouche and celebrated her jubilee although the secular rule was
held by Montunemhat at that time. At the time of her reign falls Assirian
rule in Egypt.
670 - 640
(Drt-nTr , dwAt-nTr)
Meryttefnet (Beloved Of Tefnet)
of Taharka, sister of
Altanersa - the king of Kush. She succeeded
Shapenewpet II, by whom she was adopted, on the Theban throne of the
Divine Adoratrise of Amun.
Since 656BC she shared the rule with Nitocris,
who was in turn introduced to throne by Psametyk
656 - 586
I ( Shapenewpet III )
of Psametik I and , possibly, queen Mehitenewsekhet.
As generally believed, she was adopted by Shapenupet II as
Divine Adoratrice of Amun at Thebes as a result o diplomatic efforts of Psametik
I or, according to W. Helck – in consequence of military intervention of
prince of Heracleopolis,
595 - 525
II and Takhuit
(or his sister and daughter of Nekau II).
Devine Adoratrice of Amun at Thebes, adopted by Nitocris, who preceded her on
this function. She held her office until the time of overtaking the rule
by Persians in 525 BC. There is a funerary chapel of Ankhnesneferibre
in temple at Medinet Habu. She decorated also many buildings at Karnak.
Hm-nTr [tpt n] imn
of Amasis. Since 525 BC successor of Ankhnesenferibre in the office of
Divine Adoratrice of Amun at Thebes.