is sometimes applied to the Argead
dynasty, which must be distinguished from that of the Ptolemies, though both
were of Macedonian origin. This 31 (32) Dynasty of Egypt consisted of three
kings. The first was Alexander III of Macedonia (Alexander the Great), whom the
Egyptians recognized as a legitimate universal lord, child of the creator god, a
sovereign destined by the latter to rule the world, as was every pharaoh. This
divine quality was automatically transmitted to his successors, his half
brother, Philip Arrhidaeus, and his posthumous son, Alexander Aegos, who were
called on to rule, if only nominally, Macedonia and the empire built by
Alexander. Pharaoh Alexander the Great
spent less than six months in Egypt. Pharaoh Philip Arrhidaeus
and the Pharaoh Alexander Aegos
never visited the land; they were mere puppets dangling between Asia and Europe,
hostages in the hands of the diadochi (successors), and were quickly eliminated.
Philip, a mentally disabled youth, and Alexander Aegos, a little boy, were depicted
on the walls of Egyptian temples as adult, virile pharaohs making offerings to
the gods. To view the transcription
of kings titulary properly, please
download and install transliteration font.
332 - 323
Alexander I (III) ( The Great )
Hr mk-kmt ,
(Chosen Of Re) mri-imn
In 356 BC, son of Phillip I Macedonia and Olymipias,
daughter of a ruler of Molossos. He conquered the entire eastern
world from southern Italia to India. After sudden death of Phillip in
336 BC he ascended the Macedonian throne.
Gained fullness of the rule tank to all Greek
polis, suppressed revolt of Beotian Thebes and headed the Koryntian
Community. He started campaign against Persia
winning a battle at Granicos
(Asia Minor) in 334 BC. 333 BC he defeated Darius
III at the battle of Issos in Siria. Subsequently he conquered
Phoenicia, Tyr and Gaza. 332 BC he entered Egypt and took it into
possession without any fight as she was surrendered to him by satrap
After making offerings and Olympic games at Memphis he was crowned
a king of Egypt. Next, he founded Alexandria and visited the oracle of
Libyan god Amun in the Siwa Oasis where he was hailed son of Amon
and Pharaoh of Egypt. He assumed full
Egyptian titulary.In 331 BC at Gaugamela he
finally defeated Darius III and subsequently entered Babilon, Suza,
In 329 conquered Bactria
and Sogdiana (Usbekistan).
In 327 married Roxana, daughter of Persian prince. He crossed Indus and at
Hydaspes overcame Indian king Poros. His army, separated into two parts,
returned to Persia in 326 BC.
Alexander died June 13, 323 BC in Babylon at age of 33 years. His
corpse, transported originally to Macedonia, was intercepted by
Ptolemy and moved to Alexandria.
Probably there is his burial place. However so far no traces of
Alexander’s grave has been found.
323 - 317
Hr xwi-tAwi , kA
, stp-kA-n-ra mri-imn
Hr kA nxt mri-mAat
(Chosen Of Ka Re) mri-imn
(Beloved Of Amun)
half-witted son of Philip II Macedonia, half-brother of Alexander
the Great, husband of Eurydyce.
The rule was held in his behalf by Antypater, Perdyccas
and Krateros. In autumn 317 BC murdered on his grandmother, queen
Olimpias, command. At his time was built a barque sanctuary in Temple of
Amun at Karnak, as well as hypostyle in the Thot temple at Hermopolis.
317 - 310
Alexander II (IV) Aegos
Hr Hwnw , Hwnw wsr-pHti
Haa-ib-ra Haaibre (Heart Of
Amun Is Happy) stp.n-imn
of Alexander the Great by Roxana.
It is accepted to sign final date of the nominal rule of Alexander Aegos
as the year when Ptolemy’s I rule started, however
he was imprisoned together with his wife in 316 BC by Cassandros and
subsequently murdered in 310 BC.