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0 Dynasty ~3120 - 3080
( period Nagada IIIb )


A sequence of rulers of 0 Dynasty based on W. Kaiser proposition. All the rulers, apart from Scorpion, were buried in the Umm el-Qaab necropolis nearby Abydos and plausibly they belong to one family line of rulers. These tombs appear smaller than those of pharaohs of the Dynasty I which are located in a near vicinity. All rulers form common thinite line. The exception is king Scorpion whose origin remains unknown.


 . Horwy
  • Hrwy

A sealing of this ruler shows serekh surmounted by two falcons – no name is specified. Burial place – Umm el-Qaab nearby Abydos.


. Ny-Hor ( Nu-Hor )
  • n(y)-<Hr>

An interpretation of this name remains controversial and serekhs with this name was found in Tura and Tarkhan. Some scholars suggest it is a cursive inscription of the name Narmer. His Horus name means The Hunter (according to Kaiser).


  Hat-Hor ( Hatj-Hor )
  • HAty-<Hr>

His name still remains questionable. To him probably belongs a serekh found on vessel from Tura.


  • p(?)-Hr


Serekhs with name of this ruler were found on vessel in Qustul and stone inscriptions near Armant on the West Desert.


  • HDw-Hr

Serekhs with this ruler's name were found at eastern Delta and at a piece of pottery from Tura. Helck identifies him with one of two defeated chiefs presented at Narmer's Palette and reads his name as Wa-Shi.


. Iry-Hor
  • Hr rA , iri , iry-Hr

The king buried in tomb B1-B2 in the Umm el-Qaab necropolis. Some scholars (T. Wilkinson) do not deny existence of this ruler. Reading of his name is also controversial – „ Belonging to Horus”. This view is not shared by J. von Beckerath and W. Helck. The name Iry-Hor is confirmed by seal print of Zawiyet el-Aryan.


Ka ( Sehen )
  • Hr kA , Hr shn


A ruler buried in B7-B9 tomb in the Umm el-Qaab necropolis. In some scholars’ opinion (P. Kaplony) he was named Sehen. Others, being in minority, contradict his identity.



  • Hr Sny , Hr Sndt

Considered to be an usurper who ruled over Delta or part of it, possibly at times of Narmer. Serekh was found in a tomb 315 at Tarkhan. Some scholars read out the name of Ka or Scorpion on it.


  • Hr wha , sqr (?) , srq


SkorpionThe king os known to us thank to fragments of two (?) mace-heads of Hierankopolis and table of Abydos that survived until now. According to G. Drayer this ruler followed pharaoh Aha of Dynasty I. Some scholars (Krauss & Franke) believe that there were two persons identified by this same name. Thus, Scorpion I lived around year 3150 and was predecessor of Egyptian pharaohs. To him also belonged multi-chambered tomb U-j at Abydos, discovered in 1988 by German expedition. The king known from mace of Hierakonpolis in turn, was Scorpion II and to him belonged either one-chambered tomb at Hierakonpolis or B50 complex at the necropolis at Abydos. In  W. Helck’s opinion king Scorpion preceded Iry-Hor from Hierakonpolis dynasty.

Mace's head of king Scorpion from Hieraconpolis, h=32 cm Mace's head of king Scorpion. Draw.
Mace's head of king Scorpion from Hieraconpolis, h=32 cm Mace's head of king Scorpion. Draw

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